EFFECTS OF STRENGTHENING OF LOWER LIMB MUSCLE GROUPS ON SOME GAIT Pl\RAMETERS IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH STROKE

O A Olawale, A M Akinfeleye

Abstract


Gait re-education and mobility activitieS are important physiotherapy interventions for patients following stroke. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of strengthening ofaffected lower limb muscle groups on some gait parameters in adult patients with stroke. Twelve patients (6 men and 6 women) with stroke participated in the study. Each patient went through a six-week muscle strengthening regimen for the affected hip flexors, hip extensors, knee flexors and knee extensors on a UNEX SYSTEM III™ PC isokinetic machine. An assessment of muscular strength was done pre-training and post-training. In addition, an assessment of the selected gait parameters (stride length, step length, natural gait speed, maximal gait speed and cadence) was also done pre-training and post-training. Paired t-tests were used to determine whether significant differences existed between the pre-training and post-training mean values of muscular strength and the gait parameters. The mean age of the patients was 6I.25±7.84 years, while their mean weight was 63. 08±5.93kg. The training regimen resulted in statistically significant improvement in the strength ofthe trained muscle groups and in all the selected gait parameters, except cadence (at p

Keywords


stroke, hemiplegia, gait parameters, muscle strengthening, rehabilitation

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