RANGE OF MOTION IN SELECTED JOINTS OF DIABETIC AND NON-DIABETIC SUBJECTS
The purpose ofthe study was to compare the mobility of selected joints of the limbs in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. One hundred volunteer subjects comprising 50 diabetic and 50 non-diabetic subjects participated in this study. The range ofmotion ofthe shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, hip and knee joints were measured. The occurrence offinger deformities was also studied. The range ofmotion was measured using a double-armed simple goniometer and recorded in degrees. The outcome of this study revealed that there was a significant difference between joint mobility in the diabetic and non-diabetic subjects for all the joints (p < 0.05), except the knee and elbow joints (p > 0.05). There was also a low and positive correlation between the duration ofdiabetes and the frequency of finger deformities. No significant difference was found between joint mobility of male and female diabetic subjects (p> 0.05). It was concluded that the reduced range of motion of some joints especially, the wrist and the hands, could occur as a complication from diabetes mellitus.
diabetes, joint motion